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Click Here to Review Boarding Pikes and Boarding Axes From Pre-American Revolution 18th thru late 19th Century
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This speciment has the later Arsenal Modifications most likely performed at the New York Navy Yard (NYNY) with the spike peened back hammer-like along with handle or haft shortened to function more like a hand ax. Spike is the later square style with thicker 1/4" width. It is Presumed that this Later Style of Thicker and Squarer Spike Prevented Damage to the Ax When Being Used to Dig Out Hot Shot. This Very Rare and Well Documented American Navy Type III Boarding Ax was Manufactured Just Prior to and During the War of 1812 and Later During the Mexican-American War in the 1830s, up until the Civil War. Some of the Original Protective Red Lead Paint is Still Shown on the Head and Langets. This Specific Type III Boarding Ax has the Later Modifications and Markings Show it to be Originally Manufactured and Inspected at the Navy Yard, Washington by Captain John Tarbell of the US Navy


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American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above shows the obverse side of this Type III American Federal Navy Boarding Ax specimen that most likely saw shipboard service from the early 1800s thru the War of 1812, Mexican-American War of the 1830s, and up to the Civil War. Note the shortend haft or handle so that it can be used as a common hand ax or hatchet, the nearly square later-styled spike peened back to be used as a hammer. These two modifications were most likely done at the New York Navy Yard in the 1830s during refurbishment. Note that this later produced specimen does NOT have the blade and spike socket welds that appear on most/all of the earlier thinner tapering or oblong type spikes. This specimen also has 3 polished/sanded rivets securing the two langets to the sides of the haft or handle

American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above are obverse and reverse photos of the later style Type III Modified US Navy Boarding Ax currently in the collection of The Pirates Lair. Note that the original 26" handle has been in-service shortend to 16". Most Type III's in existence today all have the shortend handle, only a very few still retain the original 24" to 28" length, which leads us to believe that shortening the handle was done while it was still in-service, most likely just prior to the Civil War, possibly even as early as the Mexican-American War of the 1830s.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above are the reverse and obverse sides of the boarding ax head showing the top of the split socket with each side of the socket being part of the langets that are fitted thru the socket.

As noted above, on all Type III American Boarding Axes the langets are not integral to the socket or eye of the head, but are part of the rounded cap you see sitting on top of the socket. It appears that the American Navy took some of the features found on both the British and French Boarding Axes and combined them to form its own unique weapon.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s


American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above are the standard arsenal marks and stamps as found on the American Federal Navy Type III Boarding Ax.

Found in 3 lines: U.S. for United States, N.Y.W. for Navy Yard Washington, J.T. for John Tarbell a Navy Captain Inspector stationed at the Washington Navy Yard during the War of 1812. Tarbell's initials have been found on various naval ordinance items during this period including boarding pikes! All of the letters were struck with individual dies making the markings to appear ragged and uneven.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above is a closeup of the in-service modification attempting to take the boarding ax and making it into a more useful mid-19th century shipboard tool as opposed to a no longer needed weapon





 
RARE American US Navy Type III Boarding Ax
This speciment has the later Arsenal Modifications most likely performed at the New York Navy Yard (NYNY) with the spike peened back hammer-like along with handle or haft shortened to function more like a hand ax. Spike is the later square style with thicker 1/4" width. The last true boarding ax of the US Navy and used from the War of 1812, Mexican- American War, and lastly in the Civil War. This particular boarding ax is in very good condition and properly arsenal stamped and marked.
 
American Type III Naval Boarding Ax with Modified Peened Spike
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 Length: 13.5" long
Head: 8.75" long
Blade: 2.75" wide
Modified Peened Spike: 2.50" long.
 
Not For Sale
 
Private Collection of TPL


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