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Click Here to Review Boarding Pikes and Boarding Axes From Pre-American Revolution 18th thru late 19th Century
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This Specimen Has the Later Arsenal Modifications Most Likely Performed in the New York Navy Yard with strengthening weld modifications on the socket along with handle or haft shortened to function more like a hand ax. Spike is the earlier tapering style with flatter 3/8" width. This Very Rare and Well Documented American Navy Type III Boarding Ax was Manufactured Just Prior to and During the War of 1812 and Later During the Mexican-American War in the 1830s, up until the Civil War. Some of the Original Protective Red Lead Paint is Still Shown on the Head and Langets. This Specific Type III Boarding Ax has the Later Modifications and Markings Show it to be Originally Manufactured and Inspected at the Navy Yard, Washington by Captain John Tarbell of the US Navy


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American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above are photos of the Type III Modified US Navy Boarding Ax currently in the collection of The Pirates Lair. Note that the original 26" handle has been in-service shortend to 16". Most Type III's in existence today all have the shortend handle, only a very few still retain the original 24" to 28" length, which leads us to believe that shortening the handle was done while it was still in-service, most likely during the Civil War. Sometime in the past the bottom part of this handle was partially split and lost.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above are the reverse and obverse sides of the boarding ax head. Note that this sample has 3 rivets securing the langets. Additionally one can see the weld modifications on either side of the socket where it joins the spike and the blade. It is believed that this weld modification was to strengthen the head even further.

In the Type III the langets are not integral to the socket or eye of the head, but are part of the rounded cap you see sitting on top of the socket. It appears that the American Navy took some of the features found on French and British Boarding Axes and combined them to form its own unique weapon.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above are the standard arsenal marks and stamps as found on the Type III Boarding Ax. Found in 3 lines: U.S. for United States, N.Y.W. for Navy Yard Washington, J.T. for John Tarbell a Navy Captain Inspector stationed at the Washington Navy Yard during the War of 1812. Tarbell's initials have been found on various naval ordinance items during this period including boarding pikes! All of the letters were struck with individual dies making the markings to appear ragged.

American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Note the seam on the head where the socket meets the blade. This area is filled in with some welding which is also found on the opposite side as well as where the spike meets the socket.

This was a standard modification found on later models of the Type III so as to reinforce the blade and the spike when being used. It is conjectured that the Type III's that did not have this modification when initially produced were refitted back at one of the Navy Yards, most likely the Washington Navy Yard.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Above shows the cap of the socket. The cap is made up of the two langets which slip thru the eye of the socket and over the wooden handle and then are riveted together thru the wooden handle. This is an elegant feature found on the French Boarding Ax.



American Navy Type III Boarding Ax 1810-1860s

Closeup of the langet still retaining some of the original red lead paint used to coat the entire head of the boarding ax.





 
RARE American US Navy Type III Boarding Ax
Has the later Arsenal Modifications most likely performed at the New York Navy Yard (NYNY) with strengthening weld modifications on the socket along with handle or haft shortened to function more like a hand ax. Spike is the earlier tapering style with flatter 3/8" width. The last true boarding ax of the US Navy and used from the War of 1812, Mexican- American War, and lastly in the Civil War. This particular boarding ax is in very good condition, properly arsenal stamped and marked.
 
American Type III Naval Boarding Ax
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 Length: 15.0" long
Head: 10.00" long
Blade: 2.75" wide
Spike: 3.75" long.
 
Not For Sale
 
Private Collection of TPL


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